For whatever reason, I submitted these out of order. My bad.
John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 - August 12, 1992) was an American composer. He was a pioneer of chance music, non-standard use of musical instruments, and electronic music. He is perhaps best known for his 1952 composition 4'33", whose three movements are performed without a single note being played. Though he remains a controversial figure, he is generally regarded as one of the most important composers of his era.
Cage was a long-term collaborator and romantic partner of choreographer Merce Cunningham. In addition to his composing, Cage was also a philosopher, writer, printmaker, and avid amateur mycologist and mushroom collector.