Paco, it's simple really. Don't use something britle like a lightbulb, especially because of the effects after, lol! Though bongs themselves come in many shapes and sizes, and also with many features and quirks, there is a basic principle. Simply put, a 'bong' is a smoking instrument that cools/filters smoke by allowing it to pass through a fluid, typically water, before being inhaled. If a substance can be smoked, it can be smoked in a bong. The smoker may have to adapt the 'mix' to get the most out of the substance they smoke in the bong however.
Home-made bongs are fun to make, a ritual if you like. But, more often than not, the materials used in their construction do not stand up to the test of time and the rigours of even moderate use. Quality glass bongs, hardy acrylics, and durable metals are all professionally engineered by companies, run by people who are empathetic to smokers and their life-styles and tastes.
Making a bong with materials found around the home is certainly possible, but you should be aware of the properties of the materials you are using. Plastic pipes are BAD. They often release toxic fumes when heated and burnt. Some people use aluminium foil as a gauze or 'cone'. Aluminium releases fumes when heated and burnt. These fumes are many times worse for your lungs and health than tobacco or any other herbal substances.
Plenty of people take pride in their own home-made bong. An afternoon in a hardware store can be something of a comically religious experience for the person shopping for bits and pieces with which to build their own bong. But it can be a chore when it comes to planning its construction, especially when you might want extra chambers for more water, hot water, maybe just ice, to cool and filter the smoke.