-- Continued --
Breaks (The Sub-Genre)
Breakbeat - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KA_OejN5_5Q
For the longest time everyone thought Breakbeat was TECHNO. Basically circa 90's on it was by false claim. Mainstream pop constantly used Breakbeat elements, see for yourself, go back and listen to tracks by awful artists like britney spears or madonna. Anyways, Breakbeat is basically carved the way for different genres to exist by developing that broken drum pattern, where instead of the emphasis on a 4/4 kick, the snare becomes the 4/4 focus point. Listen for it. always on the 5 and 9. In fact 99% of the time any DJ spins any sub-genre of breaks, they mix using the snare not the kick. Thanks breakbeat.
Jungle - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Obv477QfDI0
(note this is a deeper sounding jungle track than most but a great example..) Jungle paved way for Drum and Bass, but is not the same thing. Jungle has a similar feel to the percussion work that Tribal House has, lots of highs and ever-changing drum patterns. Jungle has several smaller off-springs such as Reggae Jungle, Darkstep, and Jazzstep (personal favorite)
Unlike with modern Drum and Bass, many of these tracks emphasized nothing but pure sampling and processing. For example, to get that unique drum sound, artists would often sample live-drums over their drum patterns and process them accordingly.
Drum and Bass - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HkAM7yEpH64
Notice the difference here? Birth the heavy bassline that really makes Drum and Bass what it is. Taking the drum pattern aspect of Jungle and completely focusing on a new form by putting heavy emphasis on the bassline. It really drives the track. If you struggle to differentiate between jungle and drum and bass, compare the previous track to this one and then it'll probably click.
Neurofunk - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPtv-wUIISc
Neurofunk, taking a bassline and processing the fuck out of it, yielding the holy-grail of basstones, Neuro Bass.
Basically there's a particular style of bass that came from drum and bass called a reese bass (Taking two distorted saw basses and de-tuning them against each other). It's actually quite difficult to engineer (when you don't copy shitty examples via presets). At any rate, yep that heavy fucking bass is pretty much the emphasis in Neurofunk. Melt your face at high-speeds.
Dubstep (old form) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aVpjPuzlvus
Oh dubstep what happened? Anyways, dubstep used to be all about taking more from its dub roots which originated out of reggae back in the 60s, it wasn't always about a face-melting bassline and insanely high-pitch synths blowing your ears out. It was smooth, mood-setting and had substance.
Dubstep (new form) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xS2fbEt37F4
Pretty self-explanatory. If you're looking at this, you've probably encountered new-form dubstep before. We pretty much have Rusko to thank for ruining the true roots of dubstep, and creating this new generation sound. Heavy basslines, borderline nonsensical progression and break-styled drums. Yep.
Glitch Hop - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mpokVJjCRfo
Whilst technically of the Glitch genre, glitch hop is heavily influenced by current generation of break-styled subs than it is of the glitch roots. Slower tempo and more intelligent focus, with less emphasis on trying to fix as much shit through the audible spectrum as possible.